top of page

Red cocoa seedlings

 

Theobroma cacao is a small, wide-branching, evergreen tree that is native to tropical rainforest areas of Central and South America. It typically grows in the wild to 20-30' tall with glossy, oblong, drooping, bright green leaves (4-8" long). Seeds from this tree are the source of cocoa, cocoa butter and chocolate. Small, fragrant, pink flowers borne directly on the trunk and branches (cauliflorous) bloom throughout the year. Flowers are followed by large, 10- ribbed seed pods (to 12" long and 3" diameter) that ripen to green, red, yellow or yellow-brown. Each pod contains an edible, mucilaginous, sweet-sour, creamy-white pulp embedded with 20-50 flat seeds (often called beans). Seeds are removed, fermented for several days to eliminate their astringent qualities, dried in the sun, cured and roasted. Seeds are then cracked to separate the kernels/nibs from the shell. Fat extracted from the nibs is called cocoa butter which is used in soaps, cosmetics and certain medicinal preparations. The residue is ground to a powder (cocoa) which is used for beverages and flavoring. Chocolate is a food substance in which the cocoa butter is retained. Seeds contain the alkaloid theobromine (from the genus name) that is a nerve stimulant similar to caffeine. Trees were cultivated in Mexico, Central America and South America long before the discovery of America, with the seeds being used not only for food but also as a monetary currency. Although Christopher Columbus brought cacao seeds back to Europe in 1502 at the end of his fourth voyage, cacao did not catch on in Europe for a number of years. The name of chocolate comes from the Aztec word xocolatl which means bitter water. Aztecs in Mexico consumed a bitter drink made from the seeds. Cortez sampled the Aztec beverage and sent the seeds back to Spain in 1520. Theobroma cacao is now grown throughout the world in humid lowland tropical areas.

Genus name comes from a name coined by Linnaeus, from theos meaning a god and broma meaning food - literally, "food of the gods".
Specific epithet is the Aztec name for this plant.

Problems
No serious insect or disease problems. In tropical areas, trees are susceptible to a variety of insect pests (including mirids, cocoa pod borer and stem borers) and disease pests (including anthracnose, black pod, witches broom, frosty pod rot, swollen shoot, vascular streak dieback and canker).

Uses
Commercially grown pantropically for its seeds/beans. Interesting small ornamental tree for tropical areas.

 

#Caca_seeds #rare

    Red cocoa seedlings (Theobroma cacao) chocolate tree

    PrixÀ partir de $15.00